The Relationship Practice Parenting and Elimination Behavior, Applied Health Promotion Model (HPM) in Pre-School Children in JABODETABEK: A Cross-Sectional Study

Hubungan Praktek Pengasuhan Terhadap Perilaku Eliminasi, Aplikasi Model Promosi Kesehatan: Studi Cross-Sectional

  • Eka Rokhmiati Wahyu Purnamasari Universitas Indonesia Maju (UIMA)
  • Desy Sulistiyorini Universitas Indonesia Maju (UIMA)
Keywords: health promotion model (HPM), elimination, preschool, behavior



The practice of parenting for preschool age children is not yet in demand by parents. The application of the health promotion model (HPM) is a commitment to changing elimination behavior in the process of urinating and defecating.


The objective of this study was to determine behavior health promotion model (HPM) is associated with toilet training in preschool children.


Desain cross-sectional quantitative study used 70 respondents in the areas of Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi (JABODETABEK). Using a Google Form questionnaire from September 12 -17 September 2022 distributed online.


Of the 70 participants, There was no parenting practice, and the elimination behavior of preschool age children was low, 39 (75.5%). Practice parenting has been done already, and the elimination behavior of preschool, high 13 (72.2%). There was a relationship between practice parenting and elimination behavior using the applied health promotion model (HPM) in preschool children, P-value of 0.001. Participation in parenting practice was 7.8 more effective against high elimination behavior in preschool age children.


Parenting practice activity supported the success of preschool children's elimination behavior. Implementation of the health promotion model (HPM) in stages according to the child's growth and development.