Author Guidelines

Written in a maximum of 14 words.

Written in English with keywords in one paragraph, consisting of a maximum of 200 words. The research text must include an introduction, objectives, methods, results, and conclusions.
Keywords should consist of 3 to 6 words or phrases, separated by commas, and should be a subset of the manuscript title.

The research manuscript should be structured with appropriate subsections, including introduction, methods, results, discussion, and conclusions. If the research is a case study, it should be organized into sections such as introduction, case illustration, discussion, and conclusion.

In these guidelines for writing scientific articles, all users are required to adhere to the established provisions. The editor will not make substantive and/or formatting edits, except in certain specific circumstances as necessary. Paper Type and Size: HVS A4 (210 x 297 mm), Margins/edges: Top 30 mm, Bottom 30 mm, Left 40 mm, Right 30 mm. File format: rtf, doc, docx (PDF format is not allowed). Article manuscripts must be written in English, using Times New Roman font, size 11pt, with single spacing (1.0 spacing). Manuscript Length: 6-11 pages. Paragraphs should be justified, with an initial paragraph indentation of 1cm.

For quantitative research, include information on research design, population, samples, data sources, instruments, and data analysis procedures. For qualitative research, provide details on the research design, research instruments, methods of data collection, and data analysis. This section should comprise 0.5 pages of the total article length, with no abbreviations except for acronyms. When using acronyms, ensure they are written in the correct format with spaces before and after (e.g., ABC).

*Case Illustration (If it's a Case Study)
This section should present all relevant details about the case and can be divided into separate subsections with appropriate subheadings, such as history and current condition, interventions, outcomes, etc. Ensure that patient demographic information is provided without disclosing patient identification. Include medical history, observed symptoms, and explanations of all tests or treatments conducted on the patient. If it's a series of cases, provide details for all patients. Discuss the significance and gaps in the findings by referring to previous research.

Present research findings without opinions. For qualitative research, combine the results and discussion sections. For quantitative and mixed-method research, separate the results and discussion. Use spaces before and after 6pt. Present data in the form of tables, graphs, and images, with a maximum of 5-7 figures. For qualitative research with a semiotic approach, a maximum of 10 images is allowed. Include a sequence of tables or images before their respective titles (e.g., "Table 1. xxx"). If using external sources, cite them properly. Table and image titles should be in Times New Roman, 11pt font, and table contents in Times New Roman, 10pt font, with single spacing. Explain any non-standard abbreviations in the table footnotes. A maximum of 5 tables or figures is allowed.

The discussion should describe research results precisely and analytically, incorporating relevant theory and previous research. This section should be 3-5 pages in length and include 10-15 references. Use spaces before and after 6pt.

Provide clear and focused conclusions drawn from the research, avoiding a simple copy-paste of the study results. Use concise and clear language without bullet points. The conclusion section should be 0.5 pages in length, with spaces before and after 6pt.

Conflict of Interest Declaration
Declare any potential conflicts of interest, whether personal or organizational.

Include acknowledgments if necessary.

Explain the financial sources for the study. 


  1. Use the Vancouver superscript style, based on Author-Number.
  2. Use Times New Roman, 10pt font.
  3. Include at least 15-25 references (excluding literature reviews), with 80% from scientific articles and 20% from books.
  4. Limit references to the last 5 years, unless specific exceptions apply.
  5. Use superscript citation numbers (e.g., ... sentence^1).
  6. For citations of more than 2 sources, list them sequentially (e.g., ... sentence^1, ^1.5).
  7. Capitalize the first letter of each word in the reference title. For example: "Guidelines for community empowerment in health" (correct), not "Community Empowerment Guidelines for Health" (incorrect).

Tables should be separate from the main text, numbered with numerals, and have concise descriptions indicating their purpose or content. Tables should be presented in Times New Roman font size 10pt and single spaced. Avoid using internal horizontal or vertical lines. Indicate statistical measures like standard deviation and standard error of the mean. Ensure that each table is cited in the text and, when using data from other sources, obtain permission and provide proper attribution. 

Figures should be professionally drawn or photographed and submitted in JPEG format. If potentially identifiable people are in the photos, obtain written permission to use them. Number figures sequentially according to their order in the text. If the image has been published before, cite the source and provide written permission from the copyright holder. This permission is required for all authors and publishers, except for materials in the public domain. Color images are allowed in exceptional cases, with authors covering reproduction costs.